Natural face and head modifications
|fun with facial hair|
|Eye Brow Shaping|
|Facial hair design|
|traditional Chinese queue|
|Child with shaved head|
Cosmetics, wigs and Tattoos
|Ancient Egyptian statue shows wigs were worn|
|weave or wig?|
Surgeries and modification
Teeth: shaping, coloring, decorating and reconstructing.
|Ancient Mayan Teeth|
|Modern Mayan Teeth|
Lips: stretching, piercing, enlarging, coloring
|Cosmetic Lip Coloring|
Nose: rhinoplasty, piercing, stretching
|Nose Plugs (and tattooing)|
Other face and head modifications
piercings, implants, cranial shaping, neck stretching, tongue modifications, scarification etc
|Tongue Split, facial tattoos and 3d implants|
Other Body Modifications
tattoos, piercings, scarification, surgeries
in 2012 there were a total of 14,629,276 cosmetic procedures performed in the US. This is an increase of 98% since 2000. Most procedures were considered "non-invasive" (laser hair removal, botox etc). About 1.5 million surgical procedures were performed (implants, liposuction etc).
Self Perception and Body
2011 study shows women perform worse when focusing on their looks.
Body language shaping personality
Body Image Test
Body Integrity Identity Disorder
Expectations of Body
Google Female Silhouette
Google Male Silhouette
What do we expect from our body to be like (size, shape, look)?
What do we expect our body to be able to do?
Are Sumo Wrestlers Fit? Intense training and physical demand prove sumo wrestling is more than fat guys in diapers
all of these people are Olympians
Beauty and Attraction?
What is the difference? What aspects of people are beautiful? What aspects of people are attractive?
Why do standards of beauty vary so much from group to group?
Why do standards of attractiveness seem so individual?
What types of functions do we look to the body to fulfill? Does it differ from culture to culture? Context to context? What functions do you value about your own body? What functions do you take for granted? What happens when are bodies suddenly don't perform the way we expect them to? How well do you cope with being sick/healing? How do we talk about bodies when they don't meet our expectations?Are there times when we as a society value bodies, specifically because they are bodies and not because they are people?
Eve Ensler's Suddenly, My Body
Do we value our bodies based entirely on their function, are there inherent qualities that we can respect? Are there qualities that are not based on physical performance or look? Why do you think we put so much emphasis on personality, emotions, ideas (brain things) when often our brains are influenced by how our bodies are doing?
Religious use of the body?
self-flagellation, Prayer, Ecstatic Dancing, Yoga, Kama Sutra, fasting/asceticism,
Limits of the body?
Enhancement, hindrance and diminution
In what ways do humans choose to enhance their bodies natural abilities?
In what ways do we hinder our bodies abilities?
In what ways do we diminish them?